Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients.
Medical marijuana is a term for derivatives of the Cannabis sativa plant that are used to ease symptoms caused by certain medical conditions. Medical marijuana is also known as medical cannabis.
Cannabis sativa contains many active compounds. The best known are delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the primary ingredient in marijuana that makes people "high."
• Alzheimer's disease
• Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
• Autism spectrum disorder (must meet DSM-5)
• Chronic motor or vocal tic disorder
• Chronic pain
• Inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn’s disease
• Intractable pain
• Irritable bowel syndrome (effective Aug. 1, 2023)
• Obsessive-compulsive disorder (effective Aug. 1, 2023)
• Obstructive sleep apnea
• Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
• Seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy
• Severe and persistent muscle spasms, including those characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS)
• Sickle cell disease
• Terminal illness, with a probable life expectancy of less than one year*
• Tourette syndrome
*If your illness or its treatment produces one or more of the following: severe or chronic pain; nausea or severe vomiting; or cachexia or severe wasting.
Further study is needed to answer this question, but possible side effects of medical marijuana may include:
When you’re in pain, your quality of life decreases dramatically – and every aspect of your everyday life is impacted. Just because you have a condition that causes pain, it doesn’t mean you have to live with the pain day in and day out. The pain management specialists at the Minnesota Pain Institute in Stillwater, MN can help you get relief.
Medical marijuana comes in a variety of forms, including:
• Dried leaves
How and where you acquire medical cannabis varies by state. You administer it yourself when you have the product. How typically you use it depends on its form and your symptoms.