Electromyography is a technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph to produce a record called an electromyogram.
Electromyography (EMG) is a diagnostic procedure to assess the health of muscles and the afferent neuron that manage them (motor neurons). EMG results can expose nerve dysfunction, muscle dysfunction or problems with nerve-to-muscle signal transmission.
Motor neurons transfer electrical signals that trigger muscles to contract. An EMG utilizes small gadgets called electrodes to equate these signals into charts, sounds or mathematical values that are then interpreted by a specialist.
Throughout a needle EMG, a needle electrode placed straight into a muscle records the electrical activity because muscle.
A nerve conduction study, another part of an EMG, uses electrode sticker labels applied to the skin (surface area electrodes) to determine the speed and strength of signals taking a trip between two or more points.
Your doctor may order an EMG if you have signs or symptoms that may indicate a nerve or muscle disorder. Such symptoms may include:
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• Muscle disorders, such as muscular dystrophy or polymyositis
• Diseases affecting the connection between the nerve and the muscle, such as myasthenia gravis
• Disorders of nerves outside the spinal cord (peripheral nerves), such as carpal tunnel syndrome or peripheral neuropathies
• Disorders that affect the motor neurons in the brain or spinal cord, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or polio
• Disorders that affect the nerve root, such as a herniated disk in the spine